Obligation to work
・It is difficult to take childcare leave.
・There is a big difference between men and women.
・There is a gender pay gap（Japan is the largest of the G7）
→The “Act on the Promotion of Female Participation and Career Advancement in the Workplace” was established.
→The Mothers Hello Work and the Mothers Corner was installed throughout Japan.
〈Issue③〉Long working hours
・As a general rule, it is set to 8 hours a day and 40 hours a week.（But there is no penalty even if you do not obey the rule）
→“Work Style Reform Law” was established.
・Act on Childcare Leave, Caregiver Leave, and Other Measures for the Welfare of Workers Caring for Children or Other Family Members（Child Care and Family Care Leave Act）
→To create an environment where employees can continue working without leaving their jobs during childcare, long-term care, etc.
・Gender Equality In Employment Act（Act on Securing, Etc. of Equal Opportunity and Treatment between Men and Women in Employment）
→This law prohibits discrimination on the grounds of gender.
・Labor Standards Act
→It sets minimum standards for working conditions.
・Act on Employment Promotion etc. of Persons with Disabilities
→This law stipulates the prohibition of discrimination, and it is based on normalization.
→The government prohibits working more than 10 hours a day.
→Earned vacation time（They can take up to 30 consecutive days off in a year.）
→Flexible work（They can decide where and when to work.）
→More than 90% of both men and women take childcare leave.
・It is supposed to take on most of the existing work.
・This is a work style which is attracting attention now due to the coronavirus. You can work anywhere, such as at home.
〈Work style reform〉
・A reform aimed at a society that enables diverse work styles.
・It corrects various problems such as long working hours, gender discrimination, and wage disparity.